I sometimes hear writers say they find editing their novel tedious. For me it’s the opposite. I’m currently editing my next novel and remembering why I love writing.
I should define what I mean by editing in this context. I’m talking about the substantive editing, or revision, you do when you’ve got a roughly novel-shaped, full-length manuscript, one that’s good enough to show to your trusted reader but is definitely not ready to face the world. For me that’s normally around the fourth draft.
So, what is it about editing?
A worthy opponent
I need something to work against. I’d like to say it’s because I see every side of an argument. Maybe I’m just contrary. Give me a draft and I’ll tell you all the things that are wrong with it and all the ways I could do it better (even if it was an earlier incarnation of ‘I’ who wrote that draft). You can’t do that with a blank page.
It’s not writing, it’s typing
…as Truman Capote almost said of the Beat Generation. The truth is, all draft writing is typing. It might take you an hour or a day to write 500 words. It will take around a minute to read them. A scene that seems to drag on forever in the drafting will turn out to be too abrupt when you read it back.
Whereas you can edit almost in real time. You can read your draft in the same way a reader will, and see what you’ve missed. You will often be surprised. The character you thought was weak turns out to be intriguing. The scene you thought was hilarious falls flat. It doesn’t matter. You can put it right.
Wrestling an octopus
For me, structure is the biggest challenge – telling a story with an entertaining plot that also has emotional truth and complexity. You have problems coming at you from all angles. Maybe I can only hold so many things in my head at once, but I tend to focus on getting the shape of the story right first. Refining the rhythm and the texture of the language comes later.
This for me is the reward. Like writing haiku, I can weigh up every word, capture the curve of an eyebrow, the significance of a pause, the particular scent of the breeze on a summer’s day. (Though it’s easy to become obsessed at this stage, and, like Oscar Wilde, spend all morning taking out a comma, and in the afternoon put it back.)
A productive member of society
Creating something from nothing is capricious. You can sit yourself at your desk, you can use various techniques (and waste a fortune on apps and productivity guides) but you can’t make yourself be creative, in the way that you can make yourself do the washing up or fill out your tax return.
When I’m at the early stage of a project, I find it really hard to make progress. This is not uncommon, I know. This is the point at which writers beat themselves up, despising themselves as lazy and undisciplined.
I’ve been writing seriously for over 20 years and I’ve come to the conclusion that this is just the way it is for me. But when I’m editing the work flows easily. If I’m at home, I can do it all day and into the evening. That sense of shame and failure, when you’ve spent all day with nothing to show for it, is gone.
Inspiration and revelation
For me editing is the point at which ideas fly. That odd little scene that seemed to add nothing needs only a tweak to reveal its significance. The chapters that resolutely refused to line up can do a little shuffle and suddenly give an elegant new shape to the narrative. Ruthless cuts can be liberating, new scenes flow easily because they know exactly the space they need to fill. The underlying themes and connections become much clearer. You will even discover that your unconscious has planted some without telling you (but you should still take credit for them).
You hear about this all the time from sportspeople. Small, incremental changes can have striking effects on overall performance. It is the same with editing. Add a line of dialogue to seed the mystery, change a few words to make a description zing, tighten up a quiet middle chapter to give it energy – small changes can have a bit impact.
So those are some of the reasons why I love editing. I suppose how you feel about editing also depends on your writing process, but I’ll save that for another day.
All great advice, and very helpful, thanks!
When I used to teach composition for Music GCSE I encouraged similar processes in aspiring examinees. I would be very suspicious if their first goes at producing a piece was well nigh perfect (I’ve seen a fair few wouldbe plagiarisms in my time!) but even if there was evidence of true creativity, or even confronted with unpromising attempts, every work profited with some tweaking. Give praise, certainly, but I also found it important to suggest improvements — these could include redrafts, restructuring or removing of infelicities. The process leading to those end results nearly always were more satisfying than leaving them in their original state, not to forget the pleasure when all was done and dusted. In fact, all that you’ve said but much more eloquently!
Another technique that’s been suggested in the creative writing class I attend is to get someone else to read passages you’ve written out loud — that way points up the awkward phrasing or uneven characterisation that you’ve written that over-familiarity will have caused you to subconsciously skim over. That’s something that’s been suggested for the next session and I suspect all us participants are getting increasingly anxious. I certainly am!
Yes – reading aloud is always useful (though perhaps not for a whole novel!). Good luck with your class.
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Thank you for this, and especially your final observation that small changes can sometimes bring big improvements. I should tell myself that every time I start an editing session.
Great post. Thank you.
Thanks – I think often you have to do a lot of work to have a small impact at the beginning of a project so this is the payoff…
I adore editing. Once I’ve written the first draft, I think, great! Now the real work starts – turning a story into a publishable novel. I spend as long over redrafting/editing as I do on the first draft. So important! From a reviewing POV, one of my most frequent criticisms is simply that a book needs a bit more fine-tuning, tightening – or, to put it simply, it needed a few more drafts. And that includes many published by independent publishing companies.
I agree – and big publishers too. I often notice information being repeated or clunky phrasing that could easily have been smoothed out. I presume with big publishers it’s the rush to deadline rather than cost that’s to blame…